CBD Glossary

2-AG – A derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
Agricultural Hemp – Refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes and legal for use in all 50 states and more than 40 countries.
Anandamide – a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
Bioavailability – The proportion of a drug that reaches circulation in the body and has an active effect.

Cannabis – Cannabis is the generic term for products of the plant, Cannabis Sativa L.

Cannabis Sativa L. – A species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are both sub species however different plants entirely.

Cannabinoid – A chemical substance found in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most prevalent, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.

CBD – Short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis; does not result in euphoria and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.

CBD Oil – An extract obtained from the flowering portions of the hemp plant, then dissolved in another oil (coconut, sesame, etc.). It typically contains no THC and has no psychoactive properties.

CBD-A – Short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.

CBC – Short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.

CBG – Short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.

CBN – Short for cannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis; it is produced when THC is metabolized and has little to no intoxicating effects.

CB1 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).

CB2 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).

Chlorophyll – Refers to groups of green pigmented molecules found in plants and algae, that is important for plant photosynthesis.

CO2 Extraction – Method used to extract CBD concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.

Decarboxylation – Removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound
Distilled Oil – this is the ultimate step in refining an oil, where excess plant material is distilled in a solvent-free process

Endocannabinoid – Naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.

Endocannabinoid System – (ECS) Refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.

Enriched (CBD-rich) – Preparations from cannabis plants that are higher in CBD than plants bred historically for recreation.

Entourage Effect – Refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.

Full-Spectrum – Any hemp oil listed as “full-spectrum” means it contains, at maximum, 0.3% THC in addition to the CBD. Full-spectrum products take advantage of the entourage effect.

Fatty Acid – Long hydrocarbon chain, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end; important part of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).

Hemp – A cannabis plant bred to have very low THC content and is primarily cultivated for its fibers. Hemp products range from oils to clothing.

Hemp Oil/Hempseed Oil – An oil extracted from cannabis seeds by cold pressing. It contains only trace amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, and is high in unsaturated fatty acids; used in paints and varnishes and in manufacturing soap and a wide variety of food products.

Hemptourage Effect – Refers to the “entourage effect” of compounds present in hemp-derived CBD oil to optimize health and wellness.

Homeostasis – Self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance.

Isolate – A highly concentrated, purified form of a cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.

Marijuana – A dried mixture of cannabis leaves and flowers.

Non-psychotoxic – Does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”

Phytocannabinoid – Plant-based cannabinoids found in species of cannabis.

Plant Sterol – Cholesterol-like compounds are naturally occurring in plants and support the reduction of LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol), without significantly affecting HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol).

Raw Oil – A whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.

Terpene – A large and diverse class of strong-smelling organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants and insects.

THC – Short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use.

Vitamin E – Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, etc.

Whole Plant – Concept implying that products derived from the entire cannabis plant may be better than the individual cannabinoids isolated from it